Bash Tricks

Three-Fingered Claw technique

These functions are *NIX OS and shell flavor-robust. Put them at the beginning of your script (bash or otherwise), try() your statement and code on.

Explanation (based on flying sheep comment).

  • yell: print the script name and all arguments to stderr:

    • $0 is the path to the script ;

    • $* are all arguments.

    • >&2 means > redirect stdout to & pipe 2. pipe 1 would be stdout itself.

  • die does the same as yell, but exits with a non-0 exit status, which means “fail”.

  • try uses the || (boolean OR), which only evaluates the right side if the left one failed.

    • $@ is all arguments again, but different.

yell() { echo "$0: $*" >&2; }
die() { yell "$*"; exit 111; }
try() { "$@" || die "cannot $*"; }

Pipe Output to Arguments

Here is a short-liner which will prepend piped arguments to your script arguments list:

[[ -p /dev/stdin ]] && { mapfile -t; set -- "${MAPFILE[@]}"; set -- $@ $args; }

echo $@

Example use:

$ ./ arg1 arg2 arg3
> arg1 arg2 arg3

$ echo "piped1 piped2 piped3" | ./
> piped1 piped2 piped3

$ echo "piped1 piped2 piped3" | ./ arg1 arg2 arg3
> piped1 piped2 piped3 arg1 arg2 arg3


Renaming files with mv

root@kali:~/.ssh# mkdir x
root@kali:~/.ssh# mv x{,_COMPLETE}
root@kali:~/.ssh# ls


$ ln source_file link

Soft linking is useful for adding programs to in PATH directories e.g. ~/bin/. Soft links are created with the ln command. For example, the following would create a soft link named link1 to a file named file1, both in the current directory

$ ln -s file1 link1
$ ls -l file1 link1 # verify new soft link
-rw-r--r-- 1 veryv wheel 0 Mar 7 22:01 file1
lrwxr-xr-x 1 veryv wheel 5 Mar 7 22:01 link1 -> file1

Unzip multiple ZIP files into their own directories

for f in *.zip; do unzip -d "${f%*.zip}" "$f"; done

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